Islamic Events Historical Timeline 1001-1100 A.D.

A.D. Events
1001 Mahmud of Ghazni defeats the Hindu Shahis at Peshawar.
1004 Mahmud of Ghazni captures Bhatiya.
1005 Mahmud of Ghazni captures Multan and Ghur.
1008 Mahmud of Ghazni defeats the Rajput confederacy.
1010 Abdication of Hisham II in Spain. Accession of Muhammad II.
1011 In Spain Muhammad II is overthrown by Sulaiman II.
1012 In Spain, power is captured by Bani Hamud. Death of the Buwayhid Baha’ al-Dawla, accession of Sultan al-Dawla.
1016 Death of the Zirid ruler Nasir al-Dawla Badis; accession of Al Muizz.
1018 In Spain, power is captured by Abd-ar-Rahman IV.
1019 Conshest of the Punjab by Mahmud of Ghazni.
1020 The Buwayhid Sultan al-Dawla is overthrown by Musharrif al-Dawla. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hakim, accession of Ali az-Zahir.
1024 In Spain, assassination of Abd-ar-Rahman IV.
1025 Death of the Buwayhid Musharrif al-Dawla, accession of Jalal al-Dawla.
1029 In Spain, death of Mustaft, accession of Hisham III.
1030 Death of Mahmud of Ghazni.
1031 In Spain, deposition of Hisham III, and end of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba. Death of the Abbasid Caliph al-Qadir, accession of al-Qa’im.
1036 Death of the Fatimid Caliph Ali az-Zahir, accession of Ma’ad al-Mustansir Billah Toghrül is crowned as the king of the Seljuqs.
1037 Seljuq Turks under Tuğrul Bey sack the city of Ghazni.
1040 Battle of Dandanaqan, the Seljuqs defeat the Ghazanavids. Deposition of Mas’ud I of Ghazni Sultan, accession of Mohammad Ghaznavi. Al Moravids come to power in North Africa.
1041 The Ghaznavid Sultan Mohammad Ghaznavi is overthrown by Maw’dud Ghaznavi.
1044 Death of the Buwayhid Jalal al-Dawla, accession of Abu Kalijar.
1046 Basasiri captures power in Baghdad.
1047 The Zirids in North Africa repudiate allegiance to the Fatimid and transfer allegiance to the Abbasids.
1048 Death of the Buwayhid Abu Kalijar, accession of Malik al-Rahim.
1050 Yusuf ibn Tashfin comes to power in the Maghrib.
1055 Tuğrul Bey overthrows the Buwayhids.
1057 Basasiri recaptures power in Baghdad, deposes Al-Qa’im and offers allegiance to the Fatimid Caliph.
1059 Tuğrul Bey recaptures power in Baghdad, Al-Qa’im is restored as the Caliph.
1060 Ibrahim of Ghazna becomes the Sultan. Yusuf ibn Tashfin founds the city of Marrakesh. The Zirids abandon their capital Ashir and establish their capital at Bougie.
1062 Death of the Zirid ruler Al Muizz, accession of Tamin.
1063 Death of the Seljuq Sultan Tuğrul Bey accession of Alp Arslan.
1064 Seljuk army under Alp Arslan captured Ani and slaughtered its population.
1071 Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine emperor Romanos IV is taken captive by the Seljuq Turks.
1073 Death of Alp Arslan, accession of Malik Shah. Badr al-Jamali takes power as the vizier of the Fatimid Caliphate.
1077 Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Qa’im, accession of Al-Muqtadi.
1077 Seljuq Turks found Sultanate of Rûm in Turkey.
1082 The Almoravids conquer Algeria.
1085 After a four-year siege, Toledo delivers itself up to Alfonso VI.
1086 Battle of Zallakha. The Almoravids defeat the Christians in Spain.
1086 Death of Suleyman I of Rum, accession of Kilij Arslan I.
1090 Hassan-i Sabbah captures Alamut, making it an Isma’ilite stronghold.
1091 The Normans conquer the island of Sicily; end of the Muslim rule.
1092 Death of the Seljuq Sultan Malik Shah I, accession of Mahmud I of Great Seljuq.
1094 Death of Seljuq Sultan Mahmud I; accession of Barkiyaruq. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muqtadi, accession of Mustahzir.
1095 The first crusade.
1099 The crusaders capture Jerusalem. By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 5 per cent of the total.

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