Islamic Events Historical Timeline 1201-1300 A.D.

A.D. Events
1202 Bakhtiar Khilji conquers large parts of Bengal. Death of the Ghurid Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad; accession of Mu’izz al-Din.
1204 Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz Turks.
1206 Death of Shahab ud Din Ghuri. Qutbu l-Din Aibak crowned king in Lahore. Tibetan Expedition of Islamic Bengal.
1210 Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan Mahmud, accession of Sam. Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak, accession of Aram Shah in India.
1211 End of the Ghurid rule, their territories annexed by the Khawarzam Shahs. In India Aram Shah overthrown by Iltutmish.
1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in Spain, end of the Almohad rule in Spain. The Almohads suffer defeat by the Christians in Spain at the Las Navas de Tolosa. The Almohad Sultan Muhammad an-Nasir escapes to Morocco.
1213 Almohad Sultan Muhammad an-Nasir’s death. Accession of his son Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph.
1216 The Marinids under their leader Abdul Haq occupy north eastern part of Morocco. The Almohad suffer defeat by the Marinids at the Battle of Nakur.
1217 The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle fought on the banks of the Sibu river. Abdul Haq is killed and the Marinids evacuate Morocco.
1218 Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al-Adil I, accession of Al-Kamil. The Marinids return to Morocco under their leader Othman and occupy Fez.
1220 Death of the Khwarezmid Shah Muhammad II of Khwarezm, accession of Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu.
1223 Death of the Almohad ruler Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph, accession of Abdul-Wahid I, Almohad Caliph. In Spain a brother of Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph declares his independence and assumes the title of Al Adil (Abdallah, Almohad Caliph).
1224 Death of the Almohad ruler Abd al-Wahid I, accession of Abdallah, Almohad Caliph.
1225 Death of the Abbasid Caliph An-Nasir, accession of Az-Zahir.
1227 Assassination of the Almohad ruler Abdullah Adil, accession of his son, Yahya.
1229 Death of the Almohad ruler Yahya, accession of Idris I. The Ayyubid Al-Kamil restores Jerusalem to the Christians.
1230 End of the Khwarezmid Empire.
1232 Death of the Almohad ruler Idris I, accession, of Abdul Wahid II.
1234 Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al-Kamil, accession of Al-Adil II.
1236 Death of Delhi Sultan Altamash. Accession of Rukn ud din Firuz.
1237 Accession of Razia Sultan as Delhi Sultan.
1241 Death of Razia Sultan, accession of Muiz ud din Bahram.
1242 Death of Muiz ud din Bahram, accession of Ala ud din Masud as Delhi Sultan. Death of the Almohad ruler Abd al-Wahid II, accession of Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mustansir, accession of Al-Musta’sim.
1244 The Almohad defeat the Marinids at the battle of Abu Bayash. The Marinids evacuate Morocco.
1245 The Muslims reconquer Jerusalem.
1246 Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud din Masud, accession of Nasir ud din Mahmud.
1248 Death of the Almohad ruler Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid, ambushed in an attack to Tlemcen. Accession of Umar, Almohad Caliph.
1250 The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy a greater part thereof.
1258 Battle of Baghdad (1258) – The Mongols sack Baghdad. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Musta’sim. End of the Abbasid rule. The Mongols under Hulagu Khan establish their rule in Iran and Iraq. Berke Khan, the Muslim chief of the Golden Horde, protests against the treatment meted out to the Abbasid Caliph and withdraws his contingent from Baghdad.
1259 the Hafsid ruler Abd Allah Muhammad declares himself as the Caliph and assumes the name of Al Mustansir.
1260 Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria. The Mongols are defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the invincibility of the Mongols is broken. Baibars becomes the Mamluk Sultan.
1262 Death of Baha-ud-din Zakariya in Multan who is credited with the introduction of the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order in the South Asia.
1265 Death of Hulagu Khan. Death of Fariduddin Ganjshakar the Chishti saint of the South Asia.
1266 Death of Berke Khan, the first ruler of the Golden Horde to be converted to Islam. The eighth crusade: the crusaders invade Tunisia; failure of the crusade.
1267 Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia. Umar, Almohad Caliph seeks the help of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco. The Marinids drive away the Spaniards from Morocco. Assassination of Umar, Almohad Caliph; accession of Idris II, Almohad Caliph.
1269 Idris II, Almohad Caliph is overthrown by the Marinids, End of the Almohad. The Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu Yaqub.
1270 Death of Mansa Wali the founder of the Muslim rule in Mali.
1272 Death of Mohammed I ibn Nasr the founder of the Emirate of Granada. Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a reverse at the battle
1273 Death of Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi.
1274 Death of Nasir al-Din Tusi. The Marinids wrest Sijilmasa from the Ziyyanids. Ninth crusade under Edward I of England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward returns to England.
1277 Death of Baibars.
1280 Battle of Hims.
1283 Death of Yaghmurasan. Accession of his son Othman.
1285 Tunisis splits in Tunis and Bougie.
1286 Death of Ghiyas ud din Balban. Death of Abu Yusuf Yaqub. Bughra Khan declares his independence in Bengal under the name of Nasiruddin.
1290 End of the slave dynasty in India Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji comes into power. Othman embarks on a career of conquest and, by 1290, most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the Ziyyanids.
1291 Death of Iranian poet Saadi.
1296 Mongol ruler Ghazan Khan converted to Islam.
1299 Mongols invade Syria. The Marinids besiege Tlemcen, the capital of the Ziyyanid Kingdom of Tlemcen. By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 7 per cent of the total.

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