Islamic Events Historical Timeline 1401-1500 A.D.

A.D. Events
1402–1403 [Ottoman Empire] Beyazid I is defeated at the Battle of Ankara and taken captive by Tamerlane. An interregnum period begins when the sons of Beyazid I compete for the Ottoman throne.
1405 [Timurid Empire] Tamerlane dies and is succeeded by his son, Shah Rukh.
1407 [Golden Horde] Shadi Beg is deposed and Edigu installs Pulad Khan as his successor.
1410 [Golden Horde] Pulad Khan is deposed in favor of Timur.
1412 [Golden Horde] Timur is deposed in favor of Jalal ad-Din khan, the first of Tokhtamysh’s sons to take power since his death.
1413 [Golden Horde] Jalal ad-Din khan is deposed in favor of his brother, Karim Berdi.
1413 [Ottoman Empire] Interregnum period ends and Mehmed I becomes Sultan.
1414 [Golden Horde] Karim Berdi is deposed in favor of Kebek.
1416 [Golden Horde] Kebek Khan is deposed in favor of Yeremferden, the brother of Karim Berdi and Jalal ad-Din khan.
1419 [Golden Horde] Yeremferden is assassinated; control of the Horde is split between Dawlat Berdi and Olugh Mokhammad.
1419 [Nogai Horde] Edigu is assassinated by Olugh Mokhammad, who assumes his place as Khan, re-uniting it with the Golden Horde.
1420 [Golden Horde] Dawlat Berdi captures Sarai and expands his sphere of influence beyond the Crimean Peninsula.[1]
1420 [Kara Koyunlu] Qara Yusuf dies and is succeeded by his son, Qara Iskander.
1420 [Morocco] Abu Said Othman is assassinated and succeeded by Abdul Haq, his infant son.
1423 [Golden Horde] Baraq defeats Dawlat Berdi and Olugh Mokhammad and takes control of the Horde. Olugh Mokhammad flees to Lithuania.
1424 [Tunisia] The Hafsids come to power.
1425 [Uzbeks] Abul Khayr takes control of the Little jüz.
1427 [Golden Horde] With the assistance of Vytautas the Great, Olugh Mokhammad and Dawlat Berdi defeat and kill Baraq.
1430 [Uzbeks] Abul Khayr occupies Khwarezmia.
1432 [Golden Horde] Dawlat Berdi is assassinated and Hacı I Giray conquers the Crimea, founding the Crimean Khanate.
1434 [Ak Koyunlu] Qara Osman dies and is succeeded by Ali Beg.
1434 [Kara Koyunlu] Qara Iskandar is deposed in favor of his brother, Jahan Shah.
1434 [Tunisia] Abdul Faris dies after forty years of rule and is succeeded by Abu Abdullah Muhammad.
1435 [Tunisia] Abu Abdullah Muhammad is deposed in favor of Abu Umar Othman.
1437 [Golden Horde] Olugh Mokhammad is defeated by Sayid Ahmad I, who takes control of the Horde.
1438 [Ak Koyunlu] Ali Beg is overthrown by his brother, Hamza.
1438 [Khanate of Kazan] Olugh Mokhammad founds the Khanate of Kazan.
1438 [Mamluk Empire] Barsbay dies and his son, Jamaluddin Yusuf, is prevented from taking power in a coup orchestrated by Saifuddin Gakmuk.
1440 [Ak Koyunlu] Hamza is overthrown by Jahangir, a son of Ali Beg.
1444 [Ottoman Empire] The Anti-Ottoman League of Lezhe in Albania is formed by Scanderbeg. Murad II voluntarily abdicates from his throne in favor of his son Mehmed II after the former’s defeat at the hands of crusaders at the Battle of Varna.
1446 [Ottoman Empire] Murad II reclaims the throne.
1446 [Timurid Empire] Shah Rukh dies and is succeeded by Ulugh Beg.
1448 [Ottoman Empire] The Ottomans are victorious at the Second Battle of Kossova. Serbia is annexed and Bosnia is made a vassal.
1449 [Timurid Empire] Ulugh Beg dies and is succeeded by ‘Abd al-Latif.
1449 [Uzbeks] Abul Khayr captures Farghana.
1450 [Timurid Empire] ‘Abd al-Latif is assassinated and succeeded by Abu Sa’id.
1451 [Ottoman Empire] Murad II dies and is succeeded by his son, Mehmed II.
1453 [Ak Koyunlu] Jahangir dies and is succeeded by his son, Uzun Hassan.
1453 [Mamluk Empire] Gakmuk dies and is succeeded by his son, Fakhruddin Othman, who is then overthrown by Saifuddin Inal.
1453 [Ottoman Empire] Constantinople is captured.
1456 [Ottoman Empire] Wallachia is made a vassal.
1459 [Great Horde] Küchük Muhammad dies and is succeeded by his son, Maxmud.
1461 [Mamluk Empire] Saifuddin Inal died and is succeeded by his son, Shahabuddin Ahmad, who is then overthrown by Saifuddin Khushqadam.
1462 [Ottoman Empire] Albania is annexed.
1465 [Great Horde] Maxmud founds the Astrakhan Khanate after he is deposed by his brother, Akhmat Khan.
1465 [Morocco] Abdul Haq is assassinated, ending the Marinid dynasty. Sharif Muhammad al Jati assumes power.
1465 [Mamluk Empire] Khushqadam dies and is succeeded by his son, Saifuddin Yel Bey, who is then deposed by Temur Bugha.
1467 [Kara Koyunlu] Jahan Shah is killed in a surprise attack arranged by his rival, Uzun Hasan, leader of Ak Koyunlu. Ak Koyunlu then annexes Kara Koyunlu.
1467 [Ak Koyunlu] Kara Koyunlu is annexed.
1468 [Mamluk Empire] Temur Bugha is deposed by Qaitbay.
1468 [Uzbeks] Abul Khayr dies and is succeeded by his son Haidar Sultan.
1468 [Ak Koyunlu] The Timurids are defeated at the Battle of Qarabagh. Ak Koyunlu then becomes the masters of Persia and Khorasan.
1469 [Timurid Empire] Abu Sa’id dies; the Timurid state. In Husayn Bayqarah maintains control of Greater Khorasan.
1472 [Morocco] Sharif Muhammad al Jati is overthrown by Muhammad al Shaikh, establishing the Wattasid dynasty.
1473 [Ottoman Empire] Mehmed II defeats sultan Uzun Hasan of Ak Koyunlu at the Battle of Otluk Beli.
1475 [Ottoman Empire] The Khanate of Crimea is conquered and made a vassal state. Venice is defeated and the Ottoman Empire becomes master of the Aegean Sea.
1478 [Ak Koyunlu] Uzun Hasan dies and is succeeded by his son, Khalil ibn Uzun Hasan.
1479 [Ak Koyunlu] Khalil Hasan is overthrown by his uncle, Y‘aqub ibn Uzun Hasan.
1480 [Great Horde] Akhmat Khan is assassinated and succeeded by his son, Said Ahmad II.
1481 [Great Horde] Said Ahmad II is overthrown by his brother Murtada.
1481 [Ottoman Empire] Mehmed II dies and is succeeded by Beyazid II. Cen Sultan rebels.
1488 [Uzbeks] Haider Sultan dies and is succeeded by his nephew, Shaybani Khan.
1488 [Tunisia] Abu Umar Othman dies and is succeeded by Abu Zikriya Yahya.
1489 [Tunisia] Abu Zikriya Yahya is overthrown by Abul Mumin.
1490 [Tunisia] Abul Mumin is overthrown and Abu Zikriya Yahya retakes the throne.
1492 [Iberia] Granada is captured by Spain, ending 800 years of Muslim rule in Spain.
1493 [Ak Koyunlu] Y‘aqub ibn Uzun Hasan dies and is succeeded by his son, Baisonqur ibn Y‘aqub.
1495 [Ak Koyunlu] Baisonqur is overthrown by his cousin, Rustam ibn Maqsud.
1496 [Mamluk Empire] Qaitbay abdicates and is succeeded by his son, Nasir Muhammad.
1497 [Ak Koyunlu] Maqsud is overthrown by his cousin, Ahmad Gövde ibn Muhammad.
1498 [Mamluk Empire] Nasir Muhammad is deposed and replaced by Zahir Kanauh.
1499 [Uzbeks] Shaybani Khan conquers Transoxiana.
1499 [Great Horde] Murtada dies and is succeeded by Said Ahmad III.
1499 [Ottoman Empire] the Ottoman fleet defeats the Venetians in the Battle of Zonchio.

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