Islamic Events Historical Timeline 1601-1700 A.D.

A.D. Events
1601 Khandesh annexed by the Mughals.
1603 Battle of Urmiyah. The Ottoman Empire suffers defeat. Persia occupies Tabriz, Mesopotamia. Mosul and Diyarbekr. Death of Mehmed III, accession of Ahmed I; see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire .
1604 In Dutch Indonesia, death of Alauddin Rayat Shah, Sultan of Acheh, accession of Ali Rayat Shah III.
1605 Death of the Mughal emperor Jalal-ud-Din Akbar; accession of Jahangir.
1607 Annexation of Ahmadnagar by the Mughals.
1609 Annexation of Bidar by the Mughals.
1611 Kuch Behar subjugated by the Mughals.
1612 Kamrup annexed by the Mughals.
1617 Death of Ahmed I; accession of Mustafa I; see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire. British East India Company begins trading with Mughal India.
1618 Tipperah annexed by the Mughals.
1620 In Ottoman Empire, deposition of Mustafa; accession of Osman II, see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire.
1623 In Ottoman Empire, Mustafa recaptured power.
1625 In Ottoman Empire, deposition of Mustafa, accession of Murad IV, see Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
1627 Death of the Mughal emperor Jahangir, accession of Shah Jahan.
1628 Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I comes to an end.
1629 In Persia, death of Shah Abbas; accession of grandson Safi.
1631 Death of Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and the lady of Taj Mahal, Agra.
1635 Military campaign of Ottoman Sultan Murad IV against [Iran] and conquest of Erivan castle. Conquest of the castles of Maku, Hoy and Tabriz and destruction of their walls.
1637 Death of Iskandar Muda in Indonesia; accession of Iskandar II.
1638 In Ottoman, military campaign of Sultan Murad IV against [Iran] and conquest of Baghdad after a siege.
1640 Death of Ottoman Sultan Murad IV, accession of his brother Ibrahim I, see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire.
1641 Ottoman] vassal state of Khanate of Crimea capture Azov. In Indonesia, death of Iskandar II; accession of the Queen Tajul Alam.
1642 In Persia, death of Shah Safi, accession of Shah Abbas II.
1645 Start of the long-lasting Ottoman-Venetian War for the island of Crete by the landing of the Ottoman forces there and the conquest of the castle of Khania.
1648 In Ottoman Empire, Ibrahim I deposed; accession of Mehmed IV; see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire.
1656 In Ottoman Empire Mehmed Kuiprilli appointed the Grand Vizier with special powers.
1658 Deposition of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, accession of Aurangzeb.
1661 Death of Grand Vizier of Ottomans Mehmed Kuiprilli and appointment as the Grand Vizier of his son Ahmed Kuiprilli.
1667 Death of Shah Abbas II; accession of Shah Suleiman.
1668 Conquest of the castle of Candia by the Ottomans concludes the long-lasting Ottoman-Venetian War on the island of Crete.
1673 The Badshahi Masjid was constructed by Aurangzeb in Lahore, Pakistan.
1675 Execution of the Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur. In Indonesia death of the queen Tajul Alam, accession of the queen Nur ul Alam.
1676 Death of the Grand Vizier of Ottomans Ahmad Kuiprilli, appointment of Kara Mustafa.
1678 In Indonesia, death of the queen Nur ul Alam, accession of the queen Inayat Zakia.
1680 Death of Marhatta chieftain Shivaji.
1682 Assam annexed by the Mughals. Aurangzeb shifts the capital to Aurangabad in the Deccan.
1683 The Ottomans put Vienna under siege and are defeated in the Battle of Vienna, marking the end of the Turkish advance into Europe. Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa is executed for the failure of the expedition.
1686 Annexation of Bijapur by the Mughals.
1687 Kingdom of Golkonda annexed by the Mughals. Defeat of the Ottomans] by Austria at Second Battle of Mohács. Deposition of Mehmed IV; accession of Suleiman II; see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
1688 In Indonesia, death of Queen Inayat Zakia, accession of the queen Kamalah.
1691 Death of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman II; accession of Ahmed II, see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire.
1692 Death of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed II; accession of Mustafa II; see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire.
1694 In Persia, death of Shah Safi, accession of Sultan Husayn.
1699 In Indonesia death of Queen Kamalah.
1700 Murshid Quli Khan declares the independence of Bengal and establishes his capital at Murshidabad. By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 11 per cent of the total.