Islamic Events Historical Timeline 1801-1900 A.D.

A.D. Events
1803 Seikh Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud assassinated. Shah Shuja proclaimed King of Afghanistan.
1804 Othman dan Fodio established Islamic State of Sokoto in Northern Nigeria.
1804 Uprising under George Petrovich against Janissary garrison at Belgrade marked beginning of Serbian Revolution.
1805 Faraizi movement launched in Bengal.
1805 Saud bin Abdul Aziz captured Medina defeating the Ottoman Empire garrison.
1805 Sultan Selim III yields to the demand that Muhammad Ali be appointed wāli of Egypt.
1806 Khanate of Khiva came into limelight under the rule of Muhammad Rahim Khan.
1807 Darqawi sect revolted against Turkish domination.
1807 Selim III deposed by Janissaries.
1807 Tunisia repudiated suzerainty of Algeria.
1808 Bairakdar, the ayan of Rusçuk, having arrived in Constantinople too late to restore Selim III (who had been strangled), installed Mahmud II, the sole surviving member of the Ottoman line.
1811 Birth of Siyyid Mírzá ‘Alí-Muhammad known as the Báb, founder of Bábí movement. British occupied Indonesia.
1811 Muhammad Ali has Mamluks massacred in the Citadel of Cairo, thereby consolidating his absolute power.
1812 Medina fell to Egyptians.
1812 Treaty of Bucharest between Ottoman Empire and Russia end a war of 6 years
1813 Mecca and Taif captured by Egyptian forces and Saudis expelled from Hejaz.
1814 Iran executed treaty of alliance with the British known as the Definitive Treaty. Death of Saud bin Abdul Aziz. King Othman of Tunisia assassinated by his cousin Mahmud.
1816 British withdrew from Indonesia restoring it to the Dutch.
1817 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan born.
1818 Conclusion of Egypt’s seven-year campaign against the Wahabis in Arabia, who had occupiied Mecca and Medina and threatened Syria. As a result, the eastern coast of the Mediterranean fell under Egyptian control.
1821 Alexander Ypsilantis led Greek insurgents across the river Prut into Danubian Principalities on March 6 (n.s.) to begin the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire.
1822 Death of Maulay Ismail in Morocco.
1822 Greek assembly at Epidauros declared Greek independence and drew up an organic statute establishing a parliament and executive directory.
1826 Janissaries massacred by forces loyal to Mahmud II after they revolted following formation of new army corps.
1827 Malaya became a preserve of the British according to Anglo-Netherland treaty in 1824.
1828 Russia declared war against Ottoman Empire.
1829 Treaty of Adrianople ends the war Russo Turkish war 1828
1830 French forces landed near Algiers and occupied Algeria ending 313 years rule of Turks.
1831 Sayyid Said, King of Oman, shifted his capital to Zanzibar.
1831 Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail leaders of Jihad movement in India fell fighting the Sikhs in Balakot.
1832 Turks defeated in the battle of Konya by Egyptian forces.
1833 At the urging of France, the Convention of Kütahya ended the war between Egypt and the Ottoman Empire and provided that the empire grant the sultan of Egypt all of Syria and Adana.
1833 The Treaty of Hünkâr İskelesi established alliance between the Ottoman Empire and Russia and provided that the Ottomans would close the Dardanelles to any foreign warships at the Russians’ request.
1834 Abdul Qadir of Algeria recognized as ruler of the area under his control by the French.
1839 In response to threats by Egytptian wāli Muhammad Ali to declare himself independent, an Ottoman army began (March) the invasion of Syria from the Euphrates. It was defeated (June 24) by the Egyptians in the battle of Nezib. On July 1 the Turkish fleet surrendered itself (possibly by an act of treachery) to Muhammad Ali in Alexandria.
1839 The Hatt-ı Şerif of Gülhane (Supreme Edict of the Rose House) issued by sultan Abdülmecid I, which began the Tanzimât reforms of the Ottoman Empire.
1840 Quadruple Alliance by the European powers to force Egypt to relinquish Syria. British free occupied Aden.
1841 State of Adamawa established by Adams adjacent to Nigeria.
1842 Amir Abdul Qadir, ousted from Algeria by the French. He crossed over to Morocco. Shah Shuja assassinated ending the Durrani rule in Afghanistan.
1847 Amir Abdul Qadir surrendred to France under the condition of safe conduct to a Muslim country of his choice, but France violated its pledge and sent him as a captive to France.
1849 Death of Muhammad Ali of Egypt.
1850 The Báb is executed by the Persian government. Táhirih, a renowned poet and staunch advocate of Bábism also executed.
1852 Release of Amir Abdul Qadir by Napoleon III. He settled in Ottoman Empire.
1853 After a series of intrigues ostensibly designed to enable it to act as protector of Orthodox Christians in Ottoman territories failed, Russia occupied the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia in March. The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia in October beginning the Crimean War. Great Britain and France would declare war on Russia the following March.
1856 Hatt-ı Hümâyûnu (the Reform Edict of 1856) is issued on February 18 and constitutes the most important Ottoman reform measure of the nineteenth century. It guaranteed the lives and property of Christians, replaced the heads of churches with a national synod, provided full freedom of conscience and civil participation for adherents to all religions. The edict was forced on the sultan by the British, French and Austrians to forestall a Russian intervention.
1856 Treaty of Paris (March 30) ends Crimean War, and admits Turkey into the European concert, whereby its independence and imperial integrity was guaranteed. Russia ceded the mouuths of the Danube and Bessarabia, returned Kurs, relinquished its claim as protector of Christians in the Ottoman Empire and agreed to the neutralization of the Black Sea.
1857 British captured Delhi and eliminated Mughal rule in India after 332 years. Last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon in Burma. This was also the end of 1000 years of Muslim rule over India.
1858 Feudal holdings abolished in the Ottoman Empire.
1859 Imam Shamil laid down arms before Russian forces and the Islamic State of Dagestan became a Russian province.
1860 Civil War between Syrian Druzes and Marionite Christians erupted. Authorized by the European Powers, France sent expeditionary force which restored order by June 1861.
1860 Masjid-e-Abu Hurairah, established in Cardiff, is the first mosque in Britain.
1860 Maulay Muhammad defeated by Spain.
1861 Overthrow of the Bambara Empire by the Toucouleur Empire.
1861 Sultan Abd-ul-Mejid I died and is succeeded by Abdülaziz whose reign (1861-1876) is notable for the rapid spread of western influence (particularly Great Britain and France, allies of the Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War), as evidenced by the first foreign loans, railroad construction, and public debt administration, and the rise of secular liberalism, shown by literary revival, translation of Western literature, rise of Turkish journalism and establishment of universities.
1862 Faraizi movement fizzled out after the death of Dadu Miyan. Overthrow of the Massina Empire by the Toucouleur Empire.
1863 Banque Impériale Ottoamane established to function as Turkey’s central bank.
1865 Khanate of Kokand liquidated by Russia.
1869 Jamal al-Din al-Afghani exiled from Afghanistan. He proceeded to Egypt.
1871 Tunisia recognised suzerainty of Ottoman Empire through a firman.
1873 Emirate of Bukhara and Khanate of Khiva made protectorates by Russia.
1876 Britain purchased shares of Khediv Ismail in the Suez canal and got involved in Egyptian affairs.
1876 Constitutional monarchy in Ottoman Empire (Turkey)(first phase)
1878 Conference of Berlin. Ottoman Empire loses territories to Russia or Balkan countries
1878 Ottoman Empire handed over Cyprus to Britain.
1879 Jamal al-Din al-Afghani exiled from Egypt. Treaty of Berlin. Ottoman lost 4/5 th of its territory in Europe.
1881 France invaded Tunisia and the Bey acknowledged supremacy of France as a result of the treaty of Bardo. Muhammad Ahmad declared himself Mahdi in northern Sudan.
1882 Egypt came under British military occupation.
1883 Death of Amir Abdul Qadir in Damascus.
1885 Muhammad Ahmad declared free Government of Sudan under his rule. Death of Mahdi Sudani five months after the occupation of Khartoum.
1889 Shah Jahan Mosque opened in Woking (England).
1890 End of the Toucouleur Empire.
1891 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian claimed to be the promised Messiah and Imam Mahdi, and thus laid the foundation of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam But All scholars of Muslim world especially Indian announce Ghulam Ahmad as fake personality and latterly Parliament of Pakistan declared followers of ahmadiya movement as non- Muslims.
1895 Afghanistan got Wakhan Corridor by an understanding with Russia and British India making Afghan border touch China.
1897 State of Bagirimi occupied by the French.
1899 Fall of Muhammad Ahmad’s Mahdi State occupied by the British and the Egyptians jointly. By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 13 percent of the total.

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