Islamic Events Historical Timeline 701-800 A.D.

A.D. Events
701 Ibn al-Ash’ath’s rebellion in Iraq, battle of Dayr al-Jamajim.
703 Ja’far al-Sadiq, the sixth Imam of Shia Islam is born.
705 Death of Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Accession of Al-Walid I as Umayyad Caliph.
711 Conquest of Spain by Tariq ibn Ziyad and of Transoxiana by Qutayba ibn Muslim.
712 Conquest of Sindh by Muhammad ibn Qasim
713 Ali ibn Husayn, the fourth Imam of Shia was poisoned and martyred. Muhammad al-Baqir becomes Imam. Conquest of Multan.
715 Death of Walid I. Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik becomes Umayyad Caliph.
717 Beginning of the Second Arab siege of Constantinople. Death of Sulayman. Umar II becomes Umayyad Caliph. Pact of Umar.
718 End of the Second Arab siege of Constantinople.
720 Death of Umar II. Yazid II becomes Umayyad Caliph.
721 First Turgesh invasion into Transoxiana under Kursul.
724 Death of Yazid II. Hisham becomes Umayyad Caliph. Turgesh defeat Muslim ibn Sa’id al-Kilabi in the Day of Thirst.
725 The Muslims occupy Nîmes in France.
729 Khurasani army under Ashras ibn Abdallah al-Sulami scores a narrow victory over the Turgesh at the Battle of Baykand and recovers Bukhara. The retreating Turgesh undertake the Siege of Kamarja.
730 Khazars invade northwestern Iran and defeat the Umayyad forces at the Battle of Marj Ardabil, killing the Arab governor al-Djarrah al-Hakami and briefly occupying the town
731 Khurasani Arab army suffers horrendous casualties at the Battle of the Defile against the Turgesh. 20,000 Iraqi troops are sent to Khurasan to replenish losses.
732 The Battle of Tours in France.
734 Rebellion of al-Harith ibn Surayj erupts in Khurasan.
735 Asad ibn Abdallah al-Qasri arrives in Khurasan and suppresses al-Harith’s rebellion.
737 At the Battle of Kharistan, Asad ibn Abdallah al-Qasri drives back the Turgesh invasion of Khurasan.
737 Marwan ibn Muhammad (later Caliph Marwan II) poured across the Caucasus and eventually defeated a Khazar army led by Hazer Tarkhan, briefly occupying Atil itself.
737 The Muslims meet a reverse at Avignon in France.
740 Shi’a Zaydi Revolt under Zayd ibn Ali. Berber revolt in North Africa. Battle of the Nobles. Battle of Akroinon against the Byzantines.
741 Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa.
742 The Muslim rule restored in Qairawan.
743 Muhammad al-Baqir is poisoned. Jafar al-Sadiq becomes Imam. Death of Hisham. Al-Walid II becomes Umayyad Caliph. Shi’a revolt in Khurasan under Yahya ibn Zayd.
744 Deposition of Walid II. Yazid III becomes Umayyad Caliph and dies the same year. Ibrahim becomes Umayyad Caliph and is overthrown the same year. Battle of Ain al Jurr. Marwan II becomes Umayyad Caliph.
745 Musa al-Kazim, the seventh Imam of Shiite is born. (Ismail bin Jafar is the 7th rightful Imam according to Ismaili Shia.)Kufa and Mosul occupied by the Kharijites.
746 Battle of Rupar Thutha, Kufa and Mosul occupied by Marwan II.
747 Revolt of Abu Muslim in Khurasan.
748 Battle of Rayy.
749 Battle of Isfahan and Battle of Nihawand. Capture of Kufa by the Abbasids. As-Saffah becomes the Abbasid Caliph at Kufa.
750 Battle of Zab. Fall of Damascus. End of the Umayyads.
751 Conquest of Wasit by the Abbasids. Murder of the Minister Abu Salama.
751 In the Battle of Talas, the Abbasid armies defeat Tang Dynasty of China.
754 Death of al-Saffah. Accession of al-Mansur as the Caliph. Rebellion of al-Mansur’s uncle Abdallah ibn Ali.
755 Murder of Abu Muslim. Sunbadh revolt in Khurasan.
756 Abd-ar-rahman I founds the Umayyad state in Spain.
758 Khazar army under Ras Tarkhan invaded and temporarily occupied parts of Azerbaijan and Arran.
759 Abbasid conquest of Tabaristan.
762 Revolt of Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya.
763 Foundation of Baghdad. Defeat of the Abbasids in Spain.
765 Jafar al-Sadiq, who is the sixth imam of Shiite is poisoned. Musa al-Kazim becomes Imam. Ali ar Rida the eighth imam was born.
766 Sayram in Central Asia taken from the Nestorians. Evangelical army of Arab Muslims and recent converts led by Abd al-Aziz.
767 Khariji state set up by Ibn Madrar at Sijilmasa. Ustad Sees revolt in Khurasan.
772 Battle of Janbi in North Africa. Rustamid state set up in Morocco.
775 Death or the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mansur, accession of Al-Mahdi.
777 Siege of Saragossa in Spain.
782 Harun al-Rashid leads a huge expedition against the Byzantines and reaches Chalcedon.
785 Death of the Caliph Mahdi. Accession of Al-Hadi.
786 Alid rebellion in Mecca is suppressed in the Battle of Fakhkh.
786 Death of Hadi. Accession of Harun al-Rashid.
788 Idrisid state set up in the Maghrib. Death of Abd ar-Rahman I of Spain, and accession of Hisham I.
792 Invasion of South France.
796 Death of Hisham in Spain; accession of al-Hakam I.
799 Defeat of an invasion by the Khazars.
800 By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 2 percent of the total (centred on Iraq).
800 Musa al-Kazim is poisoned in prison of Harun al-Rashid. Ali al-Rida becomes Imam. Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa.