Islamic Events Historical Timeline 901-1000 A.D.

A.D. Events
902 Death of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mu’tadid; al-Muktafi becomes Caliph. Death of the Saffarid ruler Amr bin Laith. Fall of Taormina signals the completion of the Muslim conquest of Sicily.
903 Assassination of the Qarmatian ruler Abu-Sa’id Jannabi; accession of Abu Tahir.
905 Abdallah bin Hamdan founds the Hamdanid rule in Mosul and Jazira. End of the Tulunid rule in Egypt.
908 Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muktafi; accession of al-Muqtadir. End of the Saffarid rule, annexation of their territories by the Samanids.
909 Sa’id ibn Husayn, with the help of his chief missionary-commander Abdullah ibn Husayn Al-Shi’i overthrows the Aghlabids and founds the Fatimid rule in North Africa at which time he changes his title to Imam Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah. The Aghlabid Ziyadat Allah is thus expelled from the region, and with him the final remnants of Sunni Islam in North Africa.
912 Death of the Umayyad Abdallah ibn Muhammad in Spain, accession of Abd-ar-rahman III.
913 Assassination of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr II.
928 Mardavij ibn Ziyar founds the Ziyarid rule in Tabaristan.
929 Qarmatians sack Mecca and carry away the Black Stone from the Kaaba. In Spain, Abd-ar-rahman III declares himself Caliph of Córdoba.
931 Deposition and restoration of the Abbasid Caliph al-Muqtadir. Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Tahir; accession of Abu Mansur.
932 Saltuk Buğra Khan of Karahan Turks embraced Islam.
932 Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir; accession of al-Qahir.
934 Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph al-Qahir; accession of ar-Radi. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Ubaidullah; accession of al Qaim; Imad al-Dawla establishes Buwayhid power in Fars.
935 Rukn al-Dawla conquers Ray and establishes the Buwayhid government there. Assassination of the Ziyarid ruler Mardavij; accession of Vushmgir. Death of Hamdanid ruler Abdallah ibn Hamdan, accession of Nasir al-Dawla.
936 By coup, Ibn Raiq becomes the Amir al-Umara under Abbasid Caliph ar-Radi.
938 By another coup, power at Baghdad is captured by Bajkam.
940 Death of the Abbasid Caliph ar-Radi, accession of al-Muttaqi.
941 Death of Bajkam, capture of power by Kurtakin.
942 Ibn Raiq recaptures power in Baghdad.
943 Al-Baridi captures power. The Abbasid Caliph al-Muttaqi is forced to seek refuge with the Hamdanids. Nasir al-Dawla captures power at Baghdad and the Caliph returns to Baghdad. Power is captured by Tuzun and Nasir al-Dawla retires to Mosul. Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr II, accession of Nuh I.
944 al-Muttaqi is blinded and deposed, accession of al-Mustakfi.
945 Death of Tuzun. Shirzad becomes Amir ul-Uamra. Mu’izz al-Dawla captures power and establishes the Buwayhid dynasty in Iraq. Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustakfi.
946 Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Qaim. Accession of Mansur. Death of the Ikhshid ruler Muhammad bin Tughj, accession of Abul Qasim Ungur. Sayf al-Dawla establishes himself at Aleppo
949 Death of the Buwayhid shah of Fars, ‘Imad al-Dawla. Accession of ‘Adud al-Dawla.
951 The Qarmatians restore the Black Stone to the Kaaba.
954 Death of the Samanid ruler Nuh I, accession of ‘Abd al-Malik I.
961 Death of the Samanid ruler ‘Abd al-Malik I, accession of Mansur I.
961 Death of the Umayyad Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III in Spain; accession of al-Hakam II. Death of the Ikhshid ruler Ungur accession of Abul Hasan Ali.
961 Turkish mameluk Alptigin founds the rule of the Ghazanavids.
965 Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Mansur; accession of Hasan Azam. Assassination of the Ikhshid ruler Abul Hasan Ali; power captured by Malik Kafur. Fall of Tarsus to the Byzantines.
967 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Mu’izz al-Dawla, accession of ‘Izz al-Dawla. Death of the Hamdanid ruler Sayf al-Dawla.
968 Death of the Ikhshid ruler Malik Kafur; accession of Abul Fawaris.
969 Byzantines occupy Antioch and force Aleppo to become a protectorate. The Fatimids conquer Egypt.
972 Buluggin ibn Ziri founds the rule of the Zirids in Algeria.
973 Shi’a Sunni disturbances in Baghdad; power captured in Baghdad by the Turkish General Sabuktigin.
974 Abdication of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muti; accession of at-Ta’i.
975 Death of the Fatimid Caliph al-Muizz.
976 The Buwayhid Sultan ‘Izz al-Dawla recaptures power with the help of his cousin ‘Adud al-Dawla. Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur I, accession of Nuh II. In Spain death of the Umayyad Caliph al-Hakam II, accession of Hisham II.
977 Sabuktigin becomes the amir of Ghaznavids.
978 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan ‘Izz al-Dawla, power captured by ‘Adud al-Dawla who ruled former in Fars. The Hamdanids of Aleppo overthrown by the Buwayhids.
981 End of the Qarmatian rule at Bahrain.
982 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Adud al-Dawla; accession of Samsam al-Dawla.
984 Death of the Zirid dynasty ruler Buluggin, accession of al-Mansur ibn Buluggin.
986 The Buwayhid Sultan Samsam al-Dawla overthrown by Sharaf al-Dawla.
989 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Sharaf al-Dawla, accession of Baha al-Dawla.
991 Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph at-Ta’i, accession of al-Qadir.
996 Death of the Zirid dynasty ruler Mansur, accession of Badis ibn Mansur.
997 Death of the Samanid ruler Nuh II, accession of Mansur II.
998 Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur II, accession of ‘Abd al-Malik II. Mahmud of Ghaznavid becomes the Amir of Ghazni.
999 Bughra Khan of Karahan Turks capture Bukhara. End of the Samanids.
999 By the end of this century, global Muslim population was estimated at 10 million.

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